Piscataqua Plantations

A History of the Piscataqua River Region

Tag: Eliot

1640 William Everetts Tavern Eliot

It was here at Everett’s Tavern in 1652 that the residents of Kittery signed the submission to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which stayed in effect until 1820 (3).

The William Everett Tavern was located at what was known as Jocelyns Point, and later Leighton’s Point, and was a large 3 story house built about 1640. He was licensed to keep a tavern in 1649, and at that time there were 3 other Inns or Taverns, Mavericks, Emerys, and Jenkins. It was here at Everetts Tavern, that he courts of General Assembly and other town meetings were held (3).

In July 1652 Bay commissioners appeared in Kittery but they were shoes away by Governor Godfrey. However, they returned November 16th, 1652, and the residents of Kittery were effectively bullied into signing a submission to the Machassuets Bay Authority, to which was later contested by Thomas Gorges and Edward Godfrey. While there is a plaque commemorating the historic event, it is believed the original location of the site may have been washed away by the Piscataqua (3).

After the signing in Kittery, the territory beyond the Piscataqua Plantations was to form a seperate county, called Yorkshire. The Massachusetts Bay then forced the submission there too, and the town was renamed York.

Governor Winthrop wrote in his Journal a passage that I think is interesting referring to the area, saying that they were not allowed the other confederation of New England colonies

because they ran a different course from us both in their ministry and civil administration, for they had lately made Acomenticus (a poor village) a corporation, and had made a taylor their mayor, and had entertaned one Hull, an excommunicated person, very contentious, for their minister. 

1627 Watt’s Fort Eliot

There was a fortified trading post built by John Watts of the Dorchester Company in 1627. It was about 1 mile north of Frankfort Island and is now completely under water.

The Dorchester Company was founded in 1623 by a group of merchants who wanted to establish trade in the New World. They sent 14 fishermen where they established an outpost at Cape Anne Massachusetts called Gloucester. I’m still searching for a connection here.

Thomas Tricky ran a ferry to Bloody Point in Newington to Hilton Point in Dover, connecting the three areas. He ran the ferry for 25 years and provided service until a bridge was built from Bloddy Point to Hilton Head park.

The “F” is Watt’s Fort which is located at the end of what is now Laurel Lane, Eliot

1634 Sturgeon Creek Villiage Eliot

Coming Soon. Notes

Native American name for fish? Native camp on the north side

The William Everett Tavern was located at what is known as Jocelyns Point, and later Leighton’s Point, which was a large 3 story house built about 1640. He was licensed to keep a tavern in 1649, and at that time there were 3 other Inns or Taverns, Mavericks, Emerys, and Jenkins. It was here at Everetts Tavern, that he courts of General Assembly and other town meetings were held. On November 16th 1652 residents of Kittery were effectively bullied into signing a submission to the Machassuets Bay Authoriy, to which was later contested by Gorges. While there is a plaque commemorating the historic event, it is believed the original location of the site may have been washed away by the Piscataqua.

In 1638 Alexander Shapleigh built the “Kittry House” which name was transfered from their manor in England. They lived on the Dart River, Devon County and this became their manor house, complete with kitchen, brewhouse, barn, and outbuildings, cellar, garrett, a total of two stories and 10 rooms. Before Kittery was a town incorporated in 1647, most of the population lived in this area.

His interests were in the trading posts of Maine and New Hampshire where he found a market for his goods sent over in his ships and he also acted as an agent for Sir Ferdinando Gorges. His large interests in New England were looked after by the Treworgys and his son Nicholas, whose transactions in his name, with the depositions of servants, would make it appear that he was here at times when actually he was in England. [8]

Alexander spent most of his time in England and his family here managed his estates. On 2 Apr. 1641 James Treworgy sold all of Alexander’s property in America to Mr. Nicholas Shapleigh, then of Kingsweare, son of Alexander Shapleigh for £1,500. The ordinary, warehouse and a small parcel of land was left in possession of Capt. William Everett who died soon afterwards. In 1652 67 acres of land was confirmed by the town to Nathan Lord, son-in-law to Capt. Everett. Another 20 acres were confirmed to the heirs of Nicholas Frost. Another 47 acres were granted to others due to overlapping boundaries to other grant holders leaving Maj. Nicholas Shapleigh with about 760 acres of land.

From an article in the “Boston Globe” it seems as though the first cup of tea made in this country was made at Kittery House.[11]

The William Everett Tavern was located at what is known as Jocelyns Point, and later Leighton’s Point, which was a large 3 story house built about 1640. He was licensed to keep a tavern in 1649, and at that time there were 3 other Inns or Taverns, Mavericks, Emerys, and Jenkins. It was here at Everetts Tavern, that he courts of General Assembly and other town meetings were held. On November 16th 1652 residents of Kittery were effectively bullied into signing a submission to the Machassuets Bay Authoriy, to which was later contested by Gorges. While there is a plaque commemorating the historic event, it is believed the original location of the site may have been washed away by the Piscataqua.

Just north, were Sandy Hill Farm is, was part of the Shapleigh family and River Road used to be called Sandy Hill. John Shapleigh and son Nicholas was attacked by natives along spruce creek, near the Kittery Trading Post. Nicholas was killed and John was taken prisoner and ransomed.

The first house was built in Kittery Point but became more of an Inn (Champerone?)

“F” Represents Watt’s Fort, which was still attached to the land.
The Road between 1 and 2 is Varney Lane in Eliot.
The Road along 4-5-6 is River Road Eliot.
1- W. M. Everett 1640, WM Leighton 1656
2- Abraham Conley, Thomas Jones
3- Reynold Jenkins
4-Nicholas Frost
5- JNO. Leighton 1690
6- Church

1634 Nicholas Frost Eliot

(More coming)

Born in 1585, Nicholas Frost and his decendants were major pioneers of the Piscataqua area and still own land here today. From Tiverton, England, he probably first built a house at Sturgeon Creek in Eliot, and then moved two miles inland, sailing up the creek to the very bottom of what was known as Frost’s Hill. This second residence was built towards the back end of 617 Goodwin Road.

The First house at Sturgeon Creek is said to be the first residence in Eliot Maine. The land was given to him by Thomas Wannerton, though evidentally not legally, and became neighbors of Alexander Shapleigh and James Treworgy.


http://w3.salemstate.edu/~ebaker/chadweb/coffeweb.htm

1648 Cold Harbor Eliot

On November 15, 1648, Anthony Emery or “Emry” from Dover bought from John White, a house, field and great barren marsh just south of Sturgeon Creek in Kittery, now Eliot, and two other marshes. He seems to not have taken possession, however, until the next year, for he served as grand juror in Dover, in 1649.

Anthony Emery was licensed to keep an Inn in 1650 as well as a ferry, which was located at rivers edge. The area known as “Cold Harbor” or sometimes spelt “Coole Harbor” is just south of Stugeon Creek, and is said to be the first structure in this area, and one of the first taverns in the State of Maine.
“Cold Harbor” is an English reference to Inns without fire.

At the end of Old Cottage Lane, as late of 1910 an old cellar could be seen, as well as the old ferry that use to go across to Dover Point.

During his eleven years’ (1649-1660) residence in Kittery, Anthony Emery was juryman several times, selectman in 1652 and 1659, and constable. He was one of the forty-one inhabitants of Kittery, who acknowledged themselves subject to the government of Massachusetts Bay, Nov. 16, 1652. At four different times he received grants of land from the town. He also bought of Joseph Austin, July 15, 1650, “a little Marsh soe Commanly called aboue Sturgeon Cricke, with a little house & upland yrunto belonging, as also one thousand flue hundred foote of boards, for & in Consideration of Two stears Called by ye name of draggon and Benbow, with a weeks worke of him selfe & other two oxen wch is to be done at Cutchecha.”

In 1656, he was fined £5 for mutinous courage in questioning the authority of the court at Kittery, and in 1660, again fined, for enter-taininr- Quakers, and disfranchised.

May 12, 1660, he and Frances his wife, sold house and land at Cold Harbor to son James for £150 together with all other lands in Kittery, “with all & singular the honseing, harne Garden oarchards Com-mans profetts priviledges fences wood Tvmber appurtenances & Haer-edtaments belonging, or in any way apprtayning therenuto.”

Deprived of the rights and privileges of a freeman in Kittery, he turned his footsteps toward a colony in which greater liberty was allowed, and was received as a free inhabitant of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Sept. 29, 1660 https://www.geni.com/people/Anthony-Emery-Sr/6000000002923767034

The Ferry at least passed on to the Morrel Family, and the oldest Morrel cemetary is located in this area on the side of a hill.
John Morrell settled in Cold Harbor in 1676. The land stayed in the family until 1932 and bruned shortly later.

John Morrell was the first to embrace the Friends Religion (Quakers) which many of his descendants embrace to present time. There is little doubt that many a Quaker fleeing from persecution in Boston was carried on the Morrell ferry to safety “down east”.   John Morrell Jr. lived on part of the old homestead and was also a large landowner in the present town of North Berwick. He was a slave owner and a man of wealth and prominence in town. The Morrell’s, Winslow’s, Lowe’s, Peasley’s and Pope’s were all Quakers down to grandfather Paschal Pope Morrell who became a Methodist Minister. He was later a chaplain in the Civil War.  The first Quakers to arrive in America were viewed as dangerous heretics in many of the colonies. They were deported as Witches, imprisoned or hung. http://earlynewenglandfamilies.blogspot.com/2012/05/morrell-family-of-new-england.html

1631 Frank’s Fort Eliot

“Frank’s Fort” or “Frankfort Island” as known to Google Maps is now an island and is perhaps the first structure built in what is now Eliot Maine, located in Mast Cove close to the Eliot Boat Basin. During the 1630’s the land was still connected, steep but flat on top. Sea level rise and the fast moving waters of the Piscataqua erroded the land and it’s now an island. The island is now private property owned by James Austin of Kittery Point.

1665 Map – The “E” represents Frank’s Fort and “F” Watt’s Fort

Built in the summer of 1631, Frank’s Fort, an ancient name, is named after Francis Williams overseer of the Laconia Company. The company failed, but more about the Laconia Company can be read about here (coming soon).

Franks Fort, and about one mile north “Watts Fort”, also called Darby’s Fort used to be stops for French Laconia Company men traveling along the Piscataqua. They were never actually fortifications and no structures can be seen today. Watts Fort is completely under water

From “Old Kittery and Her Families

During the American Revolution, rebels attacked the British Fort William and Mary at New Castle, and hid powder on Franksfort. It then made it’s way out of the Piscataqua and was used at the battle of Bunker Hill in Boston.

From Google Maps

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